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How To Calculate 1 Acre Plant Population

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Farming is a serious business which needs you to properly plan well and maximize returns, the best way to do this is to have your figures right for planning and projections.

Today we will look at how to calculate the number of plants that go in an acre of land for different types of plants:


First thing you should know is that, an acre of land has a total area of 4000 square metres and this comes in different dimensions, it can be 100*40 or 80*40 metres ,or any kind of dimensions but as long as the area goes up to 4000 square metres


These are the steps we shall take to calculate the number of plants per acre of land.

  • Get the spacing of the desired Crop
  • Convert the spacing in metres
  • Get the unit area of the spacing
  • Divide the unit area by the total area of an acre which is 4000m²
  • What you get will be the number of Plants you will have in that Acre of land.
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Lets do an example of this calculation for a crop like BANANA

Spacing for Banana is 3×3 metres

Unit Area is 3×3 = 9m²

Lets get the total Area of an acre which is 4000m² divide it by 9m²


The Answer is 444

So this means in an acre of Land we can have 444 plants hence the holes to be made


As long as you have the right spacing for any crop, you can calculate the number of plants to be planted in an acre.

Feel free to contact us for inquiries about spacing of any crop and help in Farm setup and consultancy

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How To Earn Big from Growing Tomatoes in 2024

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Tomato is a vegetable locally produced and highly consumed in Uganda. Almost on a daily basis every person has to eat a tomato in their food.

Common Tomato Varieties Grown

The choice of a Tomato cultivar is based on fruit quality, adaptability and reliability, susceptibility to diseases and pests.
Varieties include – Money maker, Rio Grande ,Tengeru 97, Asila F1, Chantan F1, Anja F1, Star and many more others

  • It’s advisable to go for a hybrid seed for commercial farmers since these seeds are high yielding, resistant and produce durable fruits.

Tomato Growing Requirements

Tomatoes give good results when grown in well managed sandy loams and heavy clay loam free of hard pan.

Best results are obtained in deep, well drained loams. The soil should be rich in organic matter and plant nutrients, with a pH value of 6 to 7

Propagation of Tomatoes

Tomatoes are best brought up using seeds. However you can also use cuttings from mature plants to get more seedlings

Nursery Preparation

You can Broadcast the seeds on the raised bed and lightly cover with soil. Or else you can create shallow lines using your finger and place the seeds there, then cover with little soil.


In one acre, you plant over 8000 plants with a spacing of 2*2ft. Seedlings are usually ready for transplanting 2-3weeks after sowing, and they must be transplanted on moist soil.

At transplanting you may use a fertilizer like DAP, place a few granules in the hole, Cover with some soil, then plant your seedling.

Of you can use farm yard manure, you apply 2 hand fulls in each hole, mix it with soil and transplant.


1. Fertilization

Tomatoes are heavy feeders of plant nutrients including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The plant responds well to organic fertilizers too.

After 1 month from planting, you have to start applying folliar fertilizers like Vegimax to boost the growth of the crop.

2. Weed control

These can be controlled chemically or mechanically. Alternatively hand hoes can be used to shallowly plough off the weeds. Avoid using herbicides when the plants are already in the field

3. Pruning

this practice influences the flowering and fruiting of tomato plants. Prune plants by pinching off lateral branches as they appear in the leaf axils.

The more you reduce excess leaves and branches, the more space you leave for the plant to use nutrients for fruit development.

4. Mulching

Mulch newly planted tomatoes in order to retain moisture in the soil and avoid weeds from growing.
A heavy mulch is very good for our tomatoes plants. You can use dry grass, saw dust, coffee husks and many others.

5. Pest control

You have to control the insects and diseases that normally attached k the tomatoes. Normally tomatoes are affected by insects and Fungal infections.

Here you need to start applying an Insecticide (Dudu Acelamactine/Cyperscope) and a Fungicide (Mancozeb/Indofil) at once. Then spray every week starting from 1 month till flowering.

It’s good to seek advice from a plant doctor before buying any chemical to spray.

6. Stalking

After the tomatoes have grown, the stems become vulnerable and weak hence need support. You can use strings tied upwards or you can tie logs of trees on each plant. This is more effective on high yielding tomatoes since they take long.

7. Irrigation/watering

After planting your tomatoes, you must water them if it’s off season or in times of no rain. You have to water evening or morning.

8. Harvesting

After transplanting, you can start harvesting at 2 and half months. For hybrid high value varieties, you can harvest for the next 6 months

Harvest your tomatoes before they get to fully ripen. It’s advisable to leave some inches of a stalk on the fruit as you harvest, this will keep it fresh for sometime.

Pre-harvest interval for tomatoes if 2weeks, after spraying with pestcides, you have to wait for 2 weeks to harvest.

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Earn Millions From Growing Passion Fruits

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Passion fruits is one of the most expensive and not common fruit on market. Its highly nutritious and mainly produced for juice processing.
Passion fruits are heavy feeders and sensitive to water logging therefore require deep, well drained fertile soils.
It grows best at PH 5.5-7. Needs more of Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium plus organic matter. (Its prudent that you test the soil to be sure about the availability of these nutrients and know what to add)

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1. Land Preparation

Passion fruits need to be planted in an open place direct sunlight. Remove all trees and bushes Do some ploughing to remove the unwanted vegetation.

2. Make the holes

Holes should be 2ft wide and 2ft deep. After making the holes, mix the top soil with half a basin of decomposed manure and fill back the hole.

3. Spacing

This should be 7*7ft at least for the purple variety. Meaning we shall make 734 holes in one Acre.

4. Planting

You can choose to buy ready seedlings at 1500Ushs each or make your own nursery bed. At planting, get your seedlings, apply some 50gms of DAP in the hole then put your seedling and cover well. Transplant during cool hours of the day to minimize transpiration shock.

Management Practices

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1. Irrigation

Ensure that you irrigate in times of no rain to avoid water stress, stunted growth and drying if the foliage.
Keep enough moisture in the soil however don’t over irrigate as you may cause logging which is not good. You can use 10litre bottles and put a needle hole on them for dripping. It’s best to irrigate in the evening when it’s cool.

2. Fertilizer Application

Since passion fruits are heavy feeders, during the growing season they require a lot of nutrients like NPK and CAN and others.
Top dress with NPK 50gms per plant after the first 30days and repeat every after 30days for the first 4months.

Then after 5months ,apply 50gms of NPK +CAN mixed together every month.

Foliar fertilizers are to be done every after 2weeks with high Nitrogen in the Vegetative phase of 1-4months and high potassium in the production stage.

3. Weeding

Always make sure the garden is weed free to avoid nutrient computation and deficiency.

4. Pruning

This is a very important practice In the life of passion fruits, make sure you prun to allow sunlight and air to filter through the vine to help ripen the fruit. Pruning the dead and old branches that have already born fruit. It also allows new growth hence more flowering and fruiting.

5. Staking

Young vines are trained to grow along the wire support, Tie a thin rope near the base of the vines and move it around to the top. Then you can construct a Net bed of about 5-6ft high and allow the vines to grow and spread.

6. Pest Management & Control

Passion fruits if not monitored can easily be attacked by pests like thrips, root knot nematodes ,mites, and mealy bugs.

You can do spraying using recommended pesticides, removing of infected plants, plant resistant varieties, weeding and other cultural practices .

7. Harvesting and Marketing

From one acre of passion fruits if we’ll managed, you can harvest 2 sacks a week. You start harvesting at 6momths with good practices, then keep harvesting for over 17months

If each bag is 500k you can make 1M a week from one acre. a month 4M A year you can make 48Millions Ug shs

However this doesn’t come on a silver Plata ,passion fruits need a lot of attention and Supervision to easily monitor any challenge, the investment is also not small.

Contact us: For Soil Testing, Seedlings & Garden Setup
0782 905808
0753 734697


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Tailoring in Uganda: Need for upskilling programs for relevancy in the local production sector


Thousands of tailors across Uganda are graduated every year and many initiatives have come up to embrace tailoring as a crucial vocation to venture in and this has given a lot of hope to the youth and women in Uganda. But as always because of a mindset that has been fed in us through the education systems of not owning our own resources with passion and hard work but rather accepting that we are inferior and are okay with mediocracy. If you don’t understand how this is all connected, ask yourself why is 99% of all the clothes and bags we use are not manufactured in Uganda yet we export cotton and we have Ugandan designers that can make these products exported from china.

“Designers must be fashion conscious and be aware of market requirements. In order to have an international perspective, they must read international fashion journals, books, on history and art,” Says Ugandan designer Fashion Godfrey Kityamuwesi




The Big question is where are these tailors now, how relevant are they to the local production sector and the economy at large?

First of all, lets begin with asking ourself a question, what are these tailors being taught where they learn the skill from? because the cause of lack of impact and relevancy as tailors in Uganda begins from there. Once we have tailors that are so packed with irrelevant knowledge, then they can never be relevant with the changing world today. As a tailor I have understood that most of the training modules developed in the curriculum are those that we very well know we cant compete on a large scale. like clothes for example. The other important issue about the curriculum is that its not market based or demand driven, it focuses on the modules that have been passed on from the previous years.

But the designers of these modules forget that times are changing, trends come and go, and that tailoring is an art, it describes the dynamics of fashion and design.


Clearly the drama in our leaders is exceptional, no one is willing to take the risk of changing a curriculum, but that doesn’t mean that we cant do anything about it. all we have to do is collectively empower the local Ugandan tailors and create systems that can make them own the value chain of their industry.

The knowledge passed on to these tailors must be relevant to the current market needs starting with our Ugandan fashion trends. This is only possible for the existing tailors through up skilling programs to enhance their skills directing them to the market needs and emphasizing specialization in single product rather than knowing many but being a master at none.


The relevancy of these skills passed on is based on the market demands & target market, so if our curriculum of training a tailor is not market based then the tailor ceases to be in business. We have all known tailoring as making clothes but we are still importing clothes, so it’s more of an art with dynamics not a static traditional skill.

This is why as SPARK AFRICA INITIATIVES, we are focusing on creating a solution within ourselves through the TUSP (TAILORS UP SKILLING PROJECT UGANDA); by empowering tailors with advanced and specific skills to be able to work together to form a sustainable production eco system in specific market based production lines like school bags, craft shoes, safari bags, laptop bags etc.

Empowering tailors with specific & marketable skills to boost the local production sector and economic development of the tailoring industry   

Collectively if each tailor can produce one bag every day, we could create a sustainable tailor’s eco system controlled by local Ugandan tailors hence being relevant in the local production sector.

Tailors are trained a specific type of bag using their own sewing machine at their own workplace or home. Each group of tailors will be assigned a production supervisor according to area of expertise and interest. They will dedicate to produce one bag a day if materials are provided. As they start production with the teams, they are paid a percentage of their labor and are also used as agents to train other tailors in their homes and workplaces. With this done repetitively, we could generate a reasonable income through satisfying the local bags market in Uganda where we no longer import basic personal bags and then we can also think of the international market.

With this we shall also change the people’s mindset about their perspective on tailoring.

We believe the solutions Ugandans are looking for can only be created from within themselves if guided well and fed the relevant skills and knowledge.     




CALL 0782905808   0753734697 OR EMAIL:

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Skills or Education, What Will Make Africans More Competitive in this 21st Century.

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Our Current Education Status in Uganda and Africa


The early colonialists introduced the so called formal education with a purpose of extending knowledge and understanding to Africa but indirectly this was part of the master plan for slavery to keep us locked in poverty and low productivity.

Our education system has been used and never updated for the last 40 years, imagine the world has changed, transformed and instead of changing with the changing world, we have instead remained still on this theory based education.

A child starts early education for 3 years studying baby, middle and Top class, they then proceed to primary section where they push for 7 years at an average age of 12, they then go to secondary ordinary level where they study for 4 years, proceeding to advanced level which is an equivalent of college.

Imagine studying a lot of irrelevant subjects and topics that are not related to the real world out here; chemistry, biology, history surprisingly European history, divinity, English, literature and very many others.

At an average age of 19 is when someone is just crossing over to university or any tertiary institutions. This is one of the most productive age of this young man or lady but imagine they proceed to go for more theory teaching at university for at least 3 years and above.

What Happens After University.


After going through this theory education for over 16 years, all you have been trained is to study hard and enter the job market, look for a job and work for someone else.

Obviously we can never have jobs for every graduate, not even 10% of the graduates that enter the job market annually find jobs but they keep piling up every year that comes in.

Over 300000 students get into the job market from over 50 universities and institutions all-over Uganda, where do these graduates all go

There are no jobs for these graduates so looking for jobs becomes their job year in year out.

A graduate can not even start the smallest business that can earn him even 5 dollars a day just because they expect to get a big job and earn millions a month.

Almost everyone in this generation has gone to school, go on the streets and ask the motor bike riders, chapati sellers, vendors name them, these guys all have degrees but failed to get jobs and sop decided to go for quick businesses available.

What Went Wrong?


There is a common saying that education is the key to success, if that’s the case then this must have been applicable many years ago, probably the padlock changed and we still use the old key to open which can no longer work.

We are in a generation where we need more job creators, more entrepreneurs, more innovators and this calls for more practical and relevant skills to achieve.

We instead have more professors of theology, masters and degree holders, theory based teachers and governments, so really we are doomed if we don’t wake up.

Even the so-called vocational and technical institutions which would have provided a solution have lost truck now and also train job seekers in the name of practical skilling.

They are just focused on having more applicants and graduates but not minding after where these people are going and how they can be guided to translate the skills into businesses and production empires.

Skills & Business Incubation, the way to go.

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We need more skills and incubation centers that will not just transfer skills but will also empower the skilled with general business principles like business modeling, marketing, branding and many others.

We must ensure that the skilled are mentored, nurtured and have the capacity to produce competitively for the market and start small with whatever they have using their practical skills.

This is why we have decided to start the first of its kind the SPARK SKILLS AND INNOVATION ACADEMY where all Ugandans who wish to become entrepreneurs and job creators will come to learn practical business skills in Agribusiness, Food processing, Art & Fashion, baking and confectionary, Cottage and industrial and Computer skill categories.

Contact us now to enroll at the academy and partner with us

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Merry Christmas And A Happy New Year 2023

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New Year And Christmas Message

Greetings from Spark Africa youth initiatives, the team and the entire management.

We are so honored and pleased to wish you a blessed and fruitful festive season and most importantly Christmas day as we celebrate the birth of our savior Jesus Christ.

This day means a lot in every Christians life and its the day God decided to save the world from sin and redeem us as it is said in John 3:16 – For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son, that whosoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

This day brings joy, happiness and hope to all humanity since the savior was born and surely its worth celebrating like 1000 times.


We thank you all for supporting us in all ways, for following the work we do at Spark, for being our clients and partners in all ways

We are more than grateful and happy and surely we cant wait to continue working with you come 2023 as we shall give you the best Agro consultancy services and business skills incubation.

May you enjoy this day with your family, friends and relatives and may it grow more love in your heart to spread only love to the world.

God bless you all with your families allover the world.

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7 Major Challenges In Farming And Their likely Solutions

Farming is one of the most sustainable businesses that you can think of adopting since the market for farm products is readily available, imagine we have to eat everyday, so surely the demand is forever.

However farming activities can be a challenging and here we talk about the most common challenges that farmers face in their day to day running of the farms and how they solve them.


7 Major Challenges In Farming And Their likely Solutions?

1. Limited Access to Information and knowledge

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Many farmers start without first seeking the right and enough information about the projects they choose to do hence making a lot of avoidable mistakes and losses.

New Farmers need a lot of information right from land preparation, seed selection, varieties, plant spacing and procedure, management basics and a lot of information.


You need to get all the necessary information through:

  • Attending trainings and workshops
  • Consulting experts and fellow farmers
  • Using Google search and YouTube videos
  • Use of social media groups and pages plus blogs on sites
  • Buying farming booklets

2. Pests And Diseases Attacks.


This is a very big problem to farmers allover Africa. pests are both in crops and animals, Pests including insects, diseases, weeds and man.
These attack crops and animals and reduce on the yield and value.


You need to prevent pests and diseases by ensuring proper agronomic practices like:

  • Mulching
  • Weeding
  • Crop rotation
  • Spray in time
  • Spray the right genuine chemicals

3. Labor And Management Issues

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Most new farmers might not have the full time to be at their farms hence it becomes a challenge when the people who are employed don’t know and appreciate exactly what to do.

Most farms that fail in Africa its because of the poor workers they have on ground and less supervision by the farm owner. you must be in charge of your farm.


  • Employ trusted and technical people
  • Take your workers for trainings
  • Supervise your farm regularly at least once a week.
  • Have a full time manger for your farm
  • You can think of using prisoners

4. Poor Quality of Inputs


Most input dealers nowadays are focused on just making money and not actually considering effectiveness and quality of the products they give to farmers.

They end up selling fake and expired inputs to farmers like seeds, pesticides and others hence a major challenge to farmers allover Africa.


  • Buying from only reputable sources and dealers
  • Buying from the main outlets of Companies like Bukoola or East African seeds
  • Check the product labels very well before buying
  • Avoid buying repacked products like fungicides
  • Consult an expert before buying any product like seeds and chemicals.

5. Climate Change and Unstable Weather


This is a major problem with the climate change effects allover Africa and has greatly affected the farmers in their daily practices. it may seem like an issue beyond our control but we must learn to be productive amidst such unfavorable conditions.

When it shines too much ,it’s a very big problem and sometimes when it over rains it’s a problem. we are having delayed rains and prolonged drought seasons.


  • Have water available at the farm, at least have a water source like a deep well or dam
  • Plan for irrigation such that your plants can survive the long droughts
  • Adopt best agronomic practices like making ridges, water conservation and harvesting

6. Access to Reliable Market

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This is one of the most common challenges of farmers in Africa where they cant access reliable and consistent market for their products which also comes along with price fluctuations of most farm products.

This would be number one challenge if you asked farmers. They cant find the market and they are cheated.

However this challenge is sometimes caused by the fact that farmers cant produce consistently to supply the available global demand


  • Forming and joining groups of farmers for collective production and bargaining.
  • Taking products to the market directly and avoid middle men.
  • Doing enough awareness and marketing about our products, this can be done on social media and exibitions and local markets.
  • Conduct Market research to understand if the enterprise you are doing has ready market in the target area of location.

7. Theft At Farms

This is a common challenge to framers mostly those with fruits and animals like chicken, there is insecurity at the farms and this affects the farmers operations.

We have had very many stories where farms have been attacked and items taken and you can imagine how this would hit hard the struggling farmer.


  • Having security measures at the farm
  • Having a spy in your workers
  • Fencing off your land
  • Having dogs at the farm


Before you start farming as a business, you must be ready to prevent and control these major challenges that almost every new farmer is likely to face.

Contact us now to guide you professionally how best you can have a successful farm.

Comment with any other challenge that you face at your farm?

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The Young Millionaire Farmer: Meet Maria Zileni & Get Inspired In 2023

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Meet Maria Zileni Zaloumis also known as the Zed farmer, a former medical university student from Zambian who turned to a full time commercial farmer and is now estimated at a net worth of about 3 Million dollars from agribusiness.

CEO/Founder: Tuzini Farms Ltd
Age: 36
Nationality: Zambian

Educational Background

She has a:

  • Bachelor of science degree in Nursing from Australian Catholic University
  • Masters of science degree in Cardiology from Wesley hospital in Brisbane
  • She plans on pursuing a Degree in Agronomy since she already has the passion

Marias Background

Maria is the last born in a family of 3 who is also a wife and mother.

In 2003, she travelled to Australia to pursue a Bachelor of science degree in Nursing from Australian Catholic University.

While in Australia, she worked for 12 years as a nurse and also earned her self a Masters degree in Cardiology from Wesley hospital in Brisbane.

She started working when she was 18 and raised $30,000 start up capital through savings.

In 2015, she returned to Zambia from Australia to settle. She found her father ill with an incurable disease called Alzheimer’s disease, a disease that affects the brain functions.

He started farming on a small scale but couldn’t continue farming due to the condition hence the daughter took over and started from scratch.

How Maria Started Tuzini Farms Ltd

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In August 2016, Maria took over the farm from the father and started with half a hectare of tomatoes and has expanded to over 13 hectares.

From the 13 hectares she harvests between 250 and 400 boxes everyday giving her approximately daily revenue of $500 (Kr5000) at the lowest price of K50 per box.

Her farm Tuzini Farms LTD, is located in chisamba on the northern side of Lusaka the capital of Zambia.

When she started, she used to selling her tomatoes at Soweto market in Lusaka and has grown to become the major supplier of tomatoes to Freshmark (SHOPRITE) country wide.

She also supplies tomatoes to Ndola’s Masala market , Kitwe’s Chisokone market, which is one of the biggest markets in Zambia and also supplies her tomatoes as far as Kasumbalesa boarder post.

Tuzini Farm produces over 300 boxes of tomatoes per day.

Her farm employs over 70 young and old Zambians and generates a Gross daily income of over $500

How She Gives Back To The Community

  • On weekends, her workers enjoy the privileges of a literacy program at which many of them are taught how to read and write .
  • She also supports kids who are under the care of the Mwachikoka Baptist church in Lusaka.
  • She mentors 20 Youths at Kabwata Methodist Church once a month for free
  • She employs local youths who are on holidays from school at her farm to keep them busy and have them earn some money as they prepare to open their school 
  • She also provides farmer trainings and facilitates workshops to empower fellow women


Maria recently was invited to the office of the new president of Zambia and had a one on one discussion with the fountain of honor him self. it is believed that she might get a very heavy support from government and also get a special position to serve the nation in development.

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The Zed farmer posing for a photo with the current Zambian President

Apart from being CEO at Tuzini Farms , she also serves as the
1. Young emerging farmers initiative ambassador
2. African pride insurance Ambassador and
3. National Chairperson for Fruit and Vegetables under ZNFU.

Projects On Her Farm

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  • She won a grant for a green house from MRI seed and has now expanded to build more green houses for the onion,cabbage,tomato seedlings.
  • She has 4 green houses for onions
  • She has a pilot project for MRI seed for cabbage and seedlings
  • She recently launched a new variety of tomato seedling called Naetenella from Israel
  • She also has beef cows at the farm
  • she grows many other seasonal crops As well

Major Challenges She Faces

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When asked what are some of the major challenges she has faced as a farmer, Maria said the fluctuation in the price of tomatoes is a major challenge.

“Fluctuation in the price of tomatoes has been a major challenge for me as you can not project the income for the coming months”

Another challenge was the water and seasons issue but she is addressing it with irrigation systems at the farm.

The challenge of labour and land Preperation which she has solved by buying her own tractor.

Where She Sees Herself in 5 Years

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  • Venture into farm produce value addition by processing tomatoes and sun dried tomatoes which will be exported to the international market.
  • Green housing over 50 hectares for growing organic ginger and avocados which will also be exported into the international market
  • She sees herself impacting and empowering Zambian farmers by establishing an outgrower scheme countrywide for export,which will boost the Zambian economy
  • She sees herself also reducing through levels of unemployment by empowering and creating over 1000 job opportunities

What Has Helped Her Succeed

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She struggles with depression and is on medication. She would like to encourage someone whose depressed, to still believe they can achieve their dreams and impact lives despite the condition.

She attributes all the glory and success which have made her the youngest commercial tomato farmer in the country in less than a year of venturing into the sector to Passion, Hard work and Faith in GOD.

She vividly remembers when she started in August 2016,she committed her plans to God and asked God to help her become the youngest commercial farmer in Zambia.

Her focus was not on making money but making a difference in the lives of many through Agriculture.

What She Advises a Youth Struggling In Africa

Be realistic about your Dreams.

Do not be afraid to make mistakes, learn from your mistakes and look forward.

Remember, to be disciplined and use the resources around you.

Never give up on your dream, Never Quit.

Finally, always develop your self by reading the right books, sharpening your skills and above all investing in your relationship with God”

Personal statement:
“Do not wait for opportunities, Create the opportunities. Do everything with Passion or not at all. Work hard dream big.
Success depends on the second letter “u”
Success is not in the amount of money you make but in the difference you make in people’s lives


The Zed farmer is making a difference in the Agriculture sector not just in her country Zambia but allover Africa, what are you doing in your country?

Tag someone You believe will turn out Successful millionaire in agribusiness come 2023, you can achieve it if you believe and start.

God bless you all as you get inspired to start farming now.

Contact us at Spark Africa to help you start and run a successful farming business with our robust professional services and e-books.

What is Stopping you from Starting a Farm?

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4 Proven Marketing Strategies For Your Farming Business

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Farming is a serious business, After setting up your farm and managing it well. Now the other important aspect is marketing.

Let’s look at a normal business scenario, imagine you start a business of producing soap, do you just produce your soap and keep it in your mini factory. Not really You must devise means of marketing your soap and ensuring people buy it.

Marketing is the core of every business; otherwise there would be no business without markets. For Every business you see and admire, these guys have invested their time and money in marketing.

Marketing is the process of promoting your products and getting to sell them. Your potential buyers are out there not aware that you have what they need, so its only through marketing that they can get to know and actually buy

Marketing Principles In Farming

1. Market Research

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As earlier said, before you start your farming business, make sure you have a marketing plan which shows your target market, how you will get to them and other strategies to sell your products.

Very important to note is that you should only go for a project that you will easily market. Don’t produce chilli that even your neighbors don’t eat.

There are crops that need a specific market like chilli, hot pepper, ginger, Chinese cabbage, broccoli and those that have an open market like tomatoes and onions, things that almost everyone consumes.

So be careful for what crop or project you chose to do. Is it marketable?

2. Target Market

From day one you must specify your target customers. Who do you plan to sell your products to?

Don’t just produce for anyone who will come your way, its not reliable. Don’t wait to first harvest and start looking for market.

Look for the market, not the market to look for you.

Some of the target markets could be:

  • Local markets
  • Schools
  • Restaurants and hotels
  • Private homes and companies
  • Friends and neighbors
  • Processing factories
  • Export

This helps you to devise means of getting your products to them and set the right strategies of how to achieve this goal.

3. Create Awareness

After understanding your target market, now its time to start the battle of marketing. Awareness is the greatest tool of marketing.
You must make sure that your target market knows about your products, let them know and feel your existence.
Tell everyone about what you do and what you grow.

  • Friends
  • Relatives
  • Neighbors
  • Work mates
  • Facebook and whatsapp followers
  • People you meet at workshops and meetings
  • Move to restaurants and hotels

You must put aside your fear and face the market. I don’t want to promise you like how other people have come up to do that I will get you market. This is your business and you must own it ,you must carry the burden till the destination.

We have given a lot of chance to middlemen to cheat us just because we can’t market our products, we prefer to stay in our gardens and wait for these guys to come with their trucks and give us a very small pay.

I know this might not favor everyone but let’s all try to market our products

Imagine you grew your watermelons, and this middle man comes giving you 500shs per fruit, they don’t know how much money and time you put in to raise those fruits for the last 3

They bring them to the market and sell them at 3000shs each, they make a profit of more that 1500shs, moreover it’s you who bought the seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and put in all your endless efforts and you are just paid 500shs.
This person who did nothing to raising this fruits is given 1500shs.

Don’t feel shy about what you do, some people amuse me, you find she’s producing pumpkins but even the closest neighbor doesn’t know, even the husband doesn’t know. How do you expect to get market if you are not proud f what you do?

Be known for what you do, this will position you to opportunities of market. They should start calling you what you do like Mr Pumpkin, Mrs Cabbage and others. I know you will laugh at this statement but try it you will thank me later.

Put your business on your social media platforms like facebook and whatsapp, it should be on your profile picture and statuses.

4. Value Addition

Now you are ready to sell your products to the buyers. You can choose to add value to your farm products. For example if you are growing fruits, you can start making juice out of them

You can also start drying them for mainly export. Do you know you can make over 5 products from pumpkins? You can as well pack them in special packages and deliver to your customers.

Value addition doesn’t necessarily mean processing or having a factory, but even mere cleaning and packing your products is already value addition.

Selling value added products gives you a better pay. Imagine a kilo of maize grains is 600shs from farmers but a kilo of posho is 2500shs.


Farming like any other business needs to be marketed to actually make money out of it. lets wake up from our comfort zones and market our farm products.

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5 Unique Strategies To Sustain Your Farm In 2023

Sustainability in farming is the ability to run a profitable farm for a long time.

Sometimes people never realize that they are either making profits or losses because they didn’t plan for sustainability of their enterprise.

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Principles Of Farm Sustainability

1. Cost Reduction

Here you can reduce costs by having the necessary resources in place for example:

  • You can reduce labor costs of cultivation by buying good bulls to do for you the cultivation or getting machinery
  • You can reduce the costs of buying manure and fertilizers by owning at least a cow at the farm that will give you manure.
  • You can have short term and long-term projects in order for the sort term to finance the long term.

2. Revenue Boosting

  • Having more than one project at the farm
  • Running a selective mixed farm
  • Maximally utilizing all your land
  • Strategic Marketing strategies

3. Mixed Farming

Mixed farming is combining two or more independent agricultural activities on the same farm serving different purposes.

A typical case of mixed farming is the combination of crop cultivation with diary farming or in more general terms, crop cultivation with livestock farming. Mixed farming maybe treated as a special case of diversified farming.

This particular combination of enterprises, support each other and add to the farmer’s profitability.
If you have a piece of land lets say 2 acres, its advisable that you have numerous enterprises at the farm. You need

Long Term Projects

  • Banana 1yr
  • Hass Avocado 3 years
  • Coffee 2 years
  • Cocoa 3 years
  • Oranges 2yrs
  • Mangoes 4yrs
  • Pawpaw 8months
  • Cassava 1year

Short Term Projects

  • Tomatoes 3months
  • Watermelon 3months
  • Greens 2months
  • Spinach 1 month
  • Sukuma wiki 1 month
  • Cabbage 3months
  • Strawberry 4 months
  • Carrots 3 months
  • Beetroot 2 months
  • Onions 4 months

Animal Projects

  • Rabbits 4 months
  • Goats 8 months
  • Layers 6 months
  • Broilers 1 month
  • Diary 1 year
  • Piggery 6 months

Advantages Of Mixed Farming.

  • Farmers can keep their keep their fields under continuous production.
  • It enhances the productivity of the farm land
  • It increases the per capita profitability
  • Both farming compliment each other.
  • It enhances the productivity of the farm also.
  • Reduce dependency on external inputs and costs. In the example of mixed cropping of animal husbandry and crop farming the crops and animals components can also complement and support each other.
  • For example, the crop farming gives feeds to animals, and in turn the animals can supply fertilizers to the crop. So this reduces the need and cost of fertilization and animal feed. The animals (such as cattle and sheep) can also perform weeding which reduces the need for herbicides.

Note: If you can be able to reduce costs and maximize revenue, then you will run a sustainable farm.

4. Irrigation


Irrigation allows you to grow crops all year round and harvest money all the time, you must plan and budget for water accessibility at your farm like digging up a deep well, this means you can grow and have production at any time of the year hence becoming sustainable in the market.

5. Plant Crops and Stock Animals At Different Stages

For Crops imagine you want to supply a consistent market with fresh vegetables or other things like mushrooms. You need to be planting almost every after 2 weeks or month such that when you start harvesting, you can harvest continuously.

Let’s say you want to be the biggest supplier of tomatoes in a specific market, and you have 10 acres. It’s not advisable to just do the 10 acres at once because you want a big harvest.

Start with one acre or 2 and keep planting new plants every after a month until you cover up your 10 acres. By the time you start harvesting, you will always have tomatoes from your garden.

Those who are targeting export market or any other modern market, consistence are key. They will ask you for 200kgs of tomatoes every week and you will only supply for 2 months and you are no more

What can you do on 5 acres?


Acre 1: Animal Projects

Here we can decide to partition this acre into different blocks and have all animal projects here. Having animals will give you manure for your crops and daily income like from diary cows.

You will need to construct structures for semi-zero grazing to keep your animals there as you source our for their feeds

  • Cows 5
  • Chicken 1000
  • Goats 30
  • Rabbits 100

Acre 2: Fruits Orchard

You will need to have some long-term and short term fruits; you can plant 80 mangoes trees, 250 orange trees, 700 passion fruits you can as well plant over 400 pawpaw trees on this one acre

Fruits have a ready market mostly in urban markets and you can choose to add value to them. Fruits also give you consistent harvest for a long time

Acre 3: Vegetables (Horticulture)

Now you need the short term projects and vegetable are perfect for this, most vegetables grow for 4 months or less like cabbages, tomatoes, spinach, lettuce, onions and others.

This gives you chance to earn money as you wait for the long-term projects to grow

Acre 4: Other Crops (Seasonal Crops)

Here you can grow the temporary seasonal crops like maize, soya, sunflower, ground nuts, sweet potatoes, cassava and maybe beans.
These can help you in food security, feeding your workers, animals and earning you extra income.

Acre 5: Banana Plantation

banana plantation farm 8
smart banana plantation

In our last acre, we have banana which we all know as matooke. A staple food for Ugandans mostly in the central part.
In one acre you have at least 445 pants and you can harvest over 40 bunches every month from this plantation.


Sustainability means keeping in production all year round and continuous profitability in your farm business.

For you to run a sustainable farm, you must adopt the above principles and apply them at your farm, trust me you will run a sustainable farm business

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